Books on Neuroethics by our Members
The Neuroethics of Biomarkers: What the Development of Bioprediction Means for Moral Responsibility, Justice, and the Nature of Mental Disorder
By Matthew L. Baum
Neuroscientists are mining nucleic acids, blood, saliva, and brain images in hopes of uncovering biomarkers that could help estimate risk of brain disorders like psychosis and dementia; though the science of bioprediction is young, its prospects are unearthing controversy about how bioprediction should enter hospitals, courtrooms, or state houses. While medicine, law, and policy have established protocols for how presence of disorders should change what we owe each other or who we blame, they have no stock answers for the probabilities that bioprediction offers. The Neuroethics of Biomarkers should be of interest to those within neuroethics, medical ethics, and the philosophy of psychiatry. Oxford University Press
Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics
By Judy Illes and Barbara J. Sahakian
A landmark in the academic literature, the Oxford Handbook of Neuroethics presents a pioneering review of a topic central to the sciences and humanities. It presents a range of chapters considering key issues, discussion, and debate at the intersection of brain and ethics. The handbook contains more than 50 chapters by leaders from around the world and a broad range of sectors of academia and clinical practice spanning the neurosciences, medical sciences and humanities and law. The book focuses on and provides a platform for dialogue of what neuroscience can do, what we might expect neuroscience will do, and what neuroscience ought to do. The major themes include: consciousness and intention; responsibility and determinism; mind and body; neurotechnology; ageing and dementia; law and public policy; and science, society and international perspectives.
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Touching a Nerve: The Self as Brain
By Pat Churchland. Available on Amazon
What happens when we accept that everything we feel, think, and experience stems not from an immaterial soul but from electrical and chemical activity in our brains? That is the question at the heart of this new book by Patricia Churchland, one of the pioneers of neurophilosophy. In a narrative detailing her own personal and professional transformation, Churchland explains what the latest brain research into consciousness, sensory experience, memory, and free will can tell us about enduring philosophical and ethical questions: What is the self? How are our personalities created? What determines our decisions and behaviors? These questions have real-world repercussions—for example, whether an adolescent or someone mentally ill can be held responsible for his or her actions. As Churchland reveals, once we accept that our brains determine everything about who we are and how we experience the world, neuroscience offers new, critical insights into a fascinating range of ethical and philosophical dilemmas.
Bad Moves: How decision making goes wrong and the ethics of smart drugs
By Barbara J Sahakian and Jamie Nicole LaBuzetta.
Barbara Sahakian and Jamie Nicole LaBuzetta discuss the process of normal decision making - our strategies for making decisions, biases that affect us, and influential factors--and then describe the abnormal patterns found in patients with conditions such as severe depression, Alzheimer's, and accidental brain damage.
A Primer on Criminal Law and Neuroscience
Edited by Stephen J. Morse and Adina L. Roskies. Available on Amazon
Neuroethics in Practice: Medicine, Mind and Society
Edited by Martha Farah and Anjan Chatterjee; 2013. Available on Amazon
"Neuroethics in Practice is a vital and compelling book, breaking new ground in applying the science of the brain to the complex clinical dilemmas which preoccupy clinicians in settings from the primary care office visit to the intensive care unit. The authors draw on the full range of research, from neurotransmitter biochemistry to electrophysiology to advances in neuroimaging in order to address issues which range from neuroenhancement and the use of stimulants and other psychotropic medications to determinations of competence, responsibility, consciousness, and personhood. The discussions in this book, undertaken in a spirit of appreciation for both the science and the humanity involved in these questions of mind and thought, will be relevant for clinical practitioners, and for anyone interested in bioethical issues and the real-life ramifications of our growing understanding of the brain." -- Perri Klass, MD, Professor of Journalism and Pediatrics, New York University, New York Times columnist and author of Treatment Kind and Fair: Letters to a Young Doctor
Emotions, Imagination, and Moral Reasoning (Macquarie Monographs in Cognitive Science)
Edited by Robyn Langdon and Catriona Mackensie; 2011. Available on Amazon
The Emotion, Imagination and Moral Reasoning meeting gave rise to the following edited book, where Ricardo de Oliveira and Jorge Moll contributed with a chapter.
Addiction Neuroethics: The ethics of addiction neuroscience research and treatment
Edited by Adrian Carter, Wayne Hall, and Judy Illes; 2011. Available on Amazon
This volume brings together leading addiction researchers and practitioners with neuroethicists and social scientists to specifically discuss the ethical, philosophical, legal and social implications of neuroscience research of addiction, as well as its translation into effective, economical and appropriate policy and treatments. The first comprehensive volume dealing with ethical and public policy implications of neurobiological research on addiction.
The Body Politic
By Jonathan D. Moreno; 2011. Available on Amazon
As Moreno clearly explains the most contentious issues, he also offers an engaging history of the intersection between science and democracy in American life, a reasoned analysis of how different political ideologies view scientific controversies, and a vision for how the new biopolitics can help shape the future quality of our lives. A must read for anyone who wants to understand science policy today.”—John Podesta, former White House Chief of Staff and President and CEO of the Center for American Progress
Braintrust: What Neuroscience Tells Us About Morality
By Patricia S. Churchland; 2011. Available on Amazon
Patricia Churchland argues that morality originates in the biology of the brain. She describes the "neurobiological platform of bonding" that, modified by evolutionary pressures and cultural values, has led to human styles of moral behavior. The result is a provocative genealogy of morals that asks us to reevaluate the priority given to religion, absolute rules, and pure reason in accounting for the basis of morality.
"This is a terrific, clear, and finely sensitive account of human moral and social behavior and its neurobiological--and decidedly secular--underpinnings. Patricia Churchland once again leads the way." -Michael S. Gazzaniga
Enhancing Human Capacities
Edited By Julian Savulescu, Ruud ter Meulen, and Guy Kahane; 2011. Available on Amazon
The book examines four of the fastest developing fields in enhancement: Cognition, mood, athletic ability, and life extension, explaining the science, and setting out the ethical and policy issues we must consider.
Science Fiction and Philosophy: From Time Travel to Superintelligence
Edited by Susan Schneider; 2010. Available on Amazon
These essays show what was previously regarded solely as science-fiction or idle speculation has increasingly become the reality of science fact. The editor maintains that science-fiction serves as a useful source for thought experiments and philosophical puzzles."Schneider mines time travel, artificial intelligence, robot rights, teleportation, and genetic modification to discuss the nature of space and time, free will, transhumanism, the self, neuroethics, and reality." -Discover, December 2010
Neuroethics: An Introduction with Readings
Edited by Martha J. Farah; 2010. Available on Amazon
The clear writing and well-chosen readings will be appreciated by scientist and humanist alike, and the inclusion of questions for discussion in each section enhances the book's appeal for classroom use. Neuroethics is an essential guide to the most intellectually challenging and socially significant issues at the interface of neuroscience and society including chapters on enhancement; brain, self and authenticity; brain reading, neuroscience and justice; and personhood.
Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics
Edited By James J. Giordano; 2010. Available on Amazon
Scientific and Philosophical Perspectives in Neuroethics explores important developments in neuroscience and neurotechnology, and addresses the philosophical, ethical, and social issues and problems that such advancements generate. It examines three core questions. First, what is the scope and direction of neuroscientific inquiry? Second, how has progress to date affected scientific and philosophical ideas, and finally, what ethical issues and problems does this progress and knowledge incur, both now and in the future? Bringing together noted scholars from a range of diverse disciplines, this book explores important developments in neuroscience, and addresses the philosophical, ethical, and social issues and problems that such advancements generate.
Pragmatic Neuroethics: Improving Treatment and Understanding of the Mind-Brain
By Eric Racine; 2010. Available from MIT
Racine provides a survey of the often diverging perspectives within neuroethics, offers a theoretical framework supported by empirical data, and discusses the neuroethical implications of such issues as media coverage of neuroscience innovation and the importance of public concerns and lay opinion. In addition, he outlines a pragmatic framework for neuroethics, based on the philosophy of emergentism, which identifies conditions for the meaningful contribution of neuroscience to ethics, and sketches new directions and strategies for meeting future challenges for neuroscience and society. "Eric Racine provides an intelligent and lucid overview of the emerging field of neuroethics that I hope will be widely read.” —Steven E. Hyman
Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science: Essential Readings in Neuroethics
Edited By Walter Glannon; 2007. Available on Amazon
Defining Right and Wrong in Brain Science is an authoritative record of the emerging ideas that are defining neuroethics. It is an essential reference for anyone who wants to understand how these issues have taken shape. Contributors include Adina Roskies, writing on neuroethics for the New millennium, Martha J. Farah and Paul Root Wolpe on monitoring and manipulating brain function, Antonio Damasio on the neural basis of social behavior, and Alan Leshner on ethical issues in taking neuroscience research from bench to bedside.
Neuroethics: Challenges for the 21st Century
By Neil Levy; 2007. Available on Amazon
The view of neuroethics offered here argues that many of our new powers to read, alter and control minds are not entirely unparalleled with older ones. They have, however, expanded to include almost all our social, political and ethical decisions. This book will appeal to anyone with an interest in the more philosophical and ethical aspects of the neurosciences. This book explores questions such as when is it permissible to alter a person's memories, influence personality traits or read minds. What can neuroscience tell us about free will, self-control, self-deception and the foundations of morality?
Mind Wars: Brain Research and National Defense
By Jonathan Moreno; 2006. Available on Amazon
This vision of the futuristic army rests in large part on the application of anticipated advances in neuroscience and nanotechnology. Jonathan Moreno's Mind Wars deals with the ethical implications of applying neurotechnologies on the battlefield. "Moreno asks the tough ethical and policy questions that arise from using knowledge about how the human brain functions...Accessibly written...Given the topic's provocative nature, this is recommended for all science and bioethics collections." - James A. Buczynski, Library Journal
The Ethical Brain
By Michael Gazzaniga; 2005. Available on Amazon
The Ethical Brain is a groundbreaking volume that presents neuroscience's loaded findings—and their ethical implications—in an engaging and readable manner, offering an incisive and thoughtful analysis of the medical ethics challenges confronting modern society at the dawn of the twenty-first century. “A thoughtful and accessible introduction to an entirely new domain of moral concern. Gazzaniga writes with verve and expertise about the fascinating issues that will confront us as our knowledge of the brain expands.”—Steven Pinker
Matter and Consciousness
By Paul Churchland; 1988. Available on Amazon
In Matter and Consciousness, Paul Churchland clearly presents the advantages and disadvantages of such difficult issues in philosophy of mind as behaviorism, reductive materialism, functionalism, and eliminative materialism. "Anyone interested in using a contemporary approach to philosophy of mind in an introductory course will find Paul Churchland's Matter and Consciousness a useful text.... Churchland has a wonderful talent for linking ideas together." - Kathleen Gill